Spring Boot JPA - configuring auto reconnect

I assume that boot is configuring the DataSource for you. In this case, and since you are using MySQL, you can add the following to your application.properties up to 1.3

spring.datasource.testOnBorrow=true
spring.datasource.validationQuery=SELECT 1

As djxak noted in the comment, 1.4+ defines specific namespaces for the four connections pools Spring Boot supports: tomcat, hikari, dbcp, dbcp2 (dbcp is deprecated as of 1.5). You need to check which connection pool you are using and check if that feature is supported. The example above was for tomcat so you'd have to write it as follows in 1.4+:

spring.datasource.tomcat.testOnBorrow=true 
spring.datasource.tomcat.validationQuery=SELECT 1

Note that the use of autoReconnect is not recommended:

The use of this feature is not recommended, because it has side effects related to session state and data consistency when applications don't handle SQLExceptions properly, and is only designed to be used when you are unable to configure your application to handle SQLExceptions resulting from dead and stale connections properly.

The above suggestions did not work for me. What really worked was the inclusion of the following lines in the application.properties

spring.datasource.testWhileIdle = true
spring.datasource.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis = 3600000
spring.datasource.validationQuery = SELECT 1

You can find the explanation out here

Jose Jurado

I just moved to Spring Boot 1.4 and found these properties were renamed:

spring.datasource.dbcp.test-while-idle=true
spring.datasource.dbcp.time-between-eviction-runs-millis=3600000
spring.datasource.dbcp.validation-query=SELECT 1

Setting spring.datasource.tomcat.testOnBorrow=true in application.properties didn't work.

Programmatically setting like below worked without any issues.

import org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSource;
import org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.PoolProperties;    

@Bean
public DataSource dataSource() {
    PoolProperties poolProperties = new PoolProperties();
    poolProperties.setUrl(this.properties.getDatabase().getUrl());         
    poolProperties.setUsername(this.properties.getDatabase().getUsername());            
    poolProperties.setPassword(this.properties.getDatabase().getPassword());

    //here it is
    poolProperties.setTestOnBorrow(true);
    poolProperties.setValidationQuery("SELECT 1");

    return new DataSource(poolProperties);
}

I have similar problem. Spring 4 and Tomcat 8. I solve the problem with Spring configuration

<bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSource" destroy-method="close">
    <property name="initialSize" value="10" />
    <property name="maxActive" value="25" />
    <property name="maxIdle" value="20" />
    <property name="minIdle" value="10" />
     ...
    <property name="testOnBorrow" value="true" />
    <property name="validationQuery" value="SELECT 1" />
 </bean>

I have tested. It works well! This two line does everything in order to reconnect to database:

<property name="testOnBorrow" value="true" />
<property name="validationQuery" value="SELECT 1" />
naoru

whoami's answer is the correct one. Using the properties as suggested I was unable to get this to work (using Spring Boot 1.5.3.RELEASE)

I'm adding my answer since it's a complete configuration class so it might help someone using Spring Boot:

@Configuration
@Log4j
public class SwatDataBaseConfig {

    @Value("${swat.decrypt.location}")
    private String fileLocation;

    @Value("${swat.datasource.url}")
    private String dbURL;

    @Value("${swat.datasource.driver-class-name}")
    private String driverName;

    @Value("${swat.datasource.username}")
    private String userName;

    @Value("${swat.datasource.password}")
    private String hashedPassword;

    @Bean
    public DataSource primaryDataSource() {
        PoolProperties poolProperties = new PoolProperties();
        poolProperties.setUrl(dbURL);
        poolProperties.setUsername(userName);
        poolProperties.setPassword(password);
        poolProperties.setDriverClassName(driverName);
        poolProperties.setTestOnBorrow(true);
        poolProperties.setValidationQuery("SELECT 1");
        poolProperties.setValidationInterval(0);
        DataSource ds = new org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSource(poolProperties);
        return ds;
    }
}

In case anyone is using custom DataSource

@Bean(name = "managementDataSource")
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "management.datasource")
public DataSource dataSource() {
    return DataSourceBuilder.create().build();
}

Properties should look like the following. Notice the @ConfigurationProperties with prefix. The prefix is everything before the actual property name

management.datasource.test-on-borrow=true
management.datasource.validation-query=SELECT 1

A reference for Spring Version 1.4.4.RELEASE

As some people already pointed out, spring-boot 1.4+, has specific namespaces for the four connections pools. By default, hikaricp is used in spring-boot 2+. So you will have to specify the SQL here. The default is SELECT 1. Here's what you would need for DB2 for example: spring.datasource.hikari.connection-test-query=SELECT current date FROM sysibm.sysdummy1

Caveat: If your driver supports JDBC4 we strongly recommend not setting this property. This is for "legacy" drivers that do not support the JDBC4 Connection.isValid() API. This is the query that will be executed just before a connection is given to you from the pool to validate that the connection to the database is still alive. Again, try running the pool without this property, HikariCP will log an error if your driver is not JDBC4 compliant to let you know. Default: none